I was directed here, but like many others I just wanted to get a photo (or word document) off of the phone. These files may already be on your Live/OneDrive account, which is also used to store content.
So when I want to get data from my phone to a random MAC (like the one at work or a friends MAC), I use the cloud as follows:
1) Use Safari to log into your live account and check OneDrive. My documents and photos are saved there automatically. Files can be managed online.
2) If there not, use the phone to "share" the photos/files to OneDrive (or elsewhere)
Both the Windows phone and iPods/iPads hide the file interface from the user and expect you to manage the content "in the cloud"
When I started using the windows phone, I was upset that all my contacts and photos were "in the cloud". Then I dropped and broke my phone and all my photos and documents were restored on the new one automatically.
Syncing data to "The Cloud" and managing data "In The Cloud" is probably the correct paradigm for the average user (exception to developers, who know everything is really a file)