I can't find a single sound on my new Lumia 1020 that sounds like a proper phone ring sound, OR a traditional "beep beep" text alert. Are they in there but under some silly hipster name like "flamingo" or is the idea of a phone sounding like a phone too uncool to be a default option?
Not sure what exactly you mean by "proper phone ring sound", but if you mean the sound an old-school rotary phone would make, then on my Lumia 920 that's (rather appropriately) called "Nostalgia", under the Nokia category.
In addition, you can always use any MP3 file as a ringtone. Just Bing/Google for something like "phone ring sound mp3". But yeah, this sort of sound is not cool enough to be the default option.
For the text alert, I think "Nokia message" is the closest you'll find without again getting a custom sound.